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Sunday, June 26, 2011

Rural Livelihoods and Sustainable Living: Case-34: WATERSHED ACTIVITIES STEM THE TIDE OF MIGRATION!

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A Case Study of THE ANDHRA PRADESH RURAL LIVELIHOODS PROJECT


Even valleys, hills and streams have been made into forces for development by the women of Rahimkanipet Village. 

In 1998, the DPAP had started a watershed programme in Rahimkanipet village in Gundala Mandal of Nalgonda district. The village community was made aware of the development strategies and two self-help groups were formed. These groups had opened accounts in the Central Bank of India, Chada, and each member saved Rs.30 per month.

In 2001 APRLP activities were initiated. The self-help groups set up a village organisation and opened accounts in the Nagarjuna Grameena Bank in Atmakur.

The women implemented the watershed project works for the watershed programme in 1,000 hectares of the village. They carried stones, and dug the soil. They built several water conservation structures: they dug water recharge pits for wells belonging to farmers, constructed two check dams on the road to Polireddypally Village, six percolations tanks and 40 stone/flood bunds. They sowed grass seeds and planted Jatropa and other plants.

Earlier, women used to get only Rs.20 as daily wages. This increased to Rs.50-60 per day, thanks to the watershed activities in the village.  The self-help groups were running well and the village organisation loans were repaid on time. As these activities for watershed development continued for five years women got a lot of work, and the men were also fully employed.  Migration has stopped. Today the villagers are living happily, they can at last buy new clothes for every festival and celebrate family functions on a grand scale.

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