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Tuesday, June 28, 2011

INDO-US TIES: Pace of financial reform a point of contention?

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The question of whether economic reforms in India have been progressing quickly enough is likely to be a major debating point during the second India-United States Financial and Economic Partnership talks, if comments by Indian Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and U.S. Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner indicated the general mood here.
Speaking at a panel discussion organised jointly by the Confederation of Indian Industry and the Brookings Institution Mr. Geithner hinted that the U.S. hoped for a more rapid pace of reforms. He said, “From our perspective the key thing is the outlook for reform... India is now at the point where future growth will depend on the success of the next wave of reforms, not just in the financial sector, but importantly in the financial sector.”
Arguing that the Indian economy had “outgrown its financial system,” Mr. Geithner also said he would be speaking to Mr. Pranab “about things that are important to us as the Indian authorities look for ways to improve the quality of the investment environment.”
Yet Mr. Pranab appeared to disagree with such an assessment of the investment climate and pace of reform. He said that in India “the rate of savings and investment is reasonably high” and “the various structural reforms that we had undertaken and which will come in the course of time... will ensure that there is an investment-friendly environment, which can attract investment from different parts of the world.”
The Minister added that while questions had been raised over the drop in foreign institutional investment flows in the Indian economy earlier this year, “Almost every year, in the first few months of the calendar year, FII flows slow down.” However this gets offset by a rise in flows in later parts of the year, he said.
Deeper social-structural concerns also appeared to be topmost on the minds of Indian officials speaking at the event, including the thorny question of land acquisition for infrastructure and other projects.
While both the Minister and the Secretary admitted that there was $1 trillion worth of untapped potential for investments to meet India’s infrastructural demand, R. Gopalan, Secretary of the Department of Economic Affairs of India, said, “There are issues such as land acquisition, environmental clearances, rehabilitation of displaced persons which cause concern on account of their potential to introduce time and cost overruns.”
However, Mr. Gopalan assured, there is a “sustained and continuous policy churn which is happening in these areas, with a view to resolving these impediments.”
We should undertake financial reforms to meet our National Objectives and not to suit the trade expectations of US!

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