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Thursday, August 18, 2011

JAN LOK PAL BILL: Full text: Civil society's Lokpal Bill draft!

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Press Release / / Updated Jun 21, 2011 at 09:11pm IST.

New Delhi: The last meeting of the Lokpal Bill joint drafting committee on Tuesday failed to reach an agreement between the civil society members and the government on all points in the Lokpal Bill.

Here is the Civil Society's version of Lok Pal Bill:-

Jan Lok Pal Bill 2011

Statement of objects and reasons

In his foreword to the UN Convention Against Corruption, the then Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr. Kofi Annan wrote, "Corruption is an insidious plague that has a wide range of corrosive effects on society. It undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and it allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish.

This evil phenomenon is found in all countries, big and small, rich and poor - but it is in the developing world that its effects are more destructive. Corruption hurts the poor disproportionately by diverting funds intended for development, undermining the government's ability to provide basic services, feeding inequality and injustice and discouraging foreign aid and investment. Corruption is a key element in economic underperformance and the major obstacle to poverty alleviation and development".

The preamble of this Convention which has been signed by India and has been ratified by it, states that this Convention was adopted (on 31st October 2003) because the parties adopting it were "concerned about the seriousness of the problems and the threats posed by corruption to the stability and security of societies, undermining the institutions and values of democracy, ethical values and justice and jeopardizing sustainable development and the rule of law".

Some of the serious effects of corruption in India were set out in 1993 itself in the N.N. Vohra Committee report, which stated that, "The nexus between the criminal gangs, police, bureaucracy and politicians has come out clearly in various parts of the country. The existing criminal justice system, which was essentially designed to deal with the individual offences/crimes, is unable to deal with the activities of the Mafia; the provisions of law in regard economic offences are weak….The various crime Syndicates/Mafia organisations have developed significant muscle and money power and established linkages with governmental functionaries, political leaders and others to be able to operate with impunity".

Corruption has indeed assumed alarming proportions and it is clear that the existing anti-corruption institutions have failed to tackle the menace and it has therefore become imperative to address the problems which plague the effectiveness of existing anti-corruption institutions and laws.

Article 6 (2) of UNCAC provides that "each state party shall grant the body (anti corruption institution) or bodies referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the necessary independence, in accordance with the fundamental principles of its legal system, to enable the body or bodies to carry out its or their functions effectively and free from any undue influence. The necessary material resources and specialized tasks, as well as the training that such staff may require to carry out their functions should be provided".

This bill provides for the constitution of a Lokpal Authority which will be independent of the public officials and public authorities that it will be empowered to investigate and prosecute. Such independence is sought to be provided both by way of a broad based and transparent selection process as well as by functional autonomy. The bill, therefore, provides that the Lokpal shall have the authority to select its own staff and also ensure that such staff is adequate to handle complaints of corruption, misconduct as well as grievances. Corruption always involves misconduct and gives rise to grievances. These are inter-related. The existing vigilance machinery and the existing grievance redressal machinery also suffer from the problem of conflict of interests where vigilance officers and grievance redressal officers are unrealistically expected to exercise vigilance over their own bosses or those who exercise administrative control over them. The bill, therefore, provides that the vigilance machinery and the grievance redressal machinery also be brought under the supervisory control of an independent Lokpal.


Full Text at,

1 comment:

  1. Major issues I differ with this version is to create an omnibus Lok Pal having overseeing responsibility on the Corruption right from Village level Administrators to the National level ones would make it unmanageable and become an useless behemoth;

    Lok Pal at National level and Lok Ayukthas at each State level should have a responsibility to conduct a thorough probe against all complaints that they feel have, prima facie, evidence and should instruct the prosecuting agencies to take up the matters with the Special Courts. There should not be any kind of exemptions, whatsoever, in probing PMs, CMS, Ministers, MPs, Legislators, Bureaucrats, etc.

    The existing investigation and prosecution mechanism for the Judiciary is sufficient, which can further be strengthened with necessary amendments.

    While to eradicate corruption as Village level to every other level and plane should be the responsibility of CBI at National level and Anti-Corruption Bureaus at State level.