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Friday, June 24, 2011

HEALTH RESEARCH: Prostate complications worsen with age!

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RAMYA KANNAN / THE hindu.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is common among older men
Science has not been able to explain successfully why, when all other organs shrink during the aging process, the prostate enlarges.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition among older men. BPH is an enlargement of the prostate gland – a walnut-sized gland located below the bladder in men. The gland itself has a major role in facilitating fertility, though it does not impede sexual performance if removed. After the age of 60, the incidence of BPH rises significantly, says Rajiv Sood, senior consultant in urology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi. The other most common prostate complication is cancer.
“At 80 years, a man will have an 80 per cent chance of cancer of the prostate. However, the incidence in the Asian group is much less, 10 in 1,00,000 people, compared to African Americans, or the global average,” he explains.
Problems of BPH are categorised broadly in two groups – irritative and obstructive, says V.S.Natarajan, senior geriatrician. In the first category come symptoms such as urgency to pass urine, frequent urination and interrupted flow. This occurs because when the prostate enlarges it constricts the urinary passage. The more severe category is when there is complete obstruction of passage of urine. Treatment depends on the nature and severity of the symptom. When drugs do not help, patients are advised to go in for surgery to scoop out the insides of the prostate or vaporise it, Dr. Sood explains. Less invasive options are available, but may not be as effective.
Cancer of the prostate has to be operated on, and additionally, radiotherapy, brachytherapy and cryotherapy are available as well.
Role of nutrition..............................................................
Exercise recommended....................................................


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